Attractions and sightseeing

‘Wudalian chi’, translated as the ‘Five Connected Lakes’ or also known as the ‘volcano fields’ these lakes are connected like a string of beads, surrounded by 14 volcanoes, this natural wonder was formed by volcanic activities in the Quaternary period. The ‘Five Connected Lakes’ are a perfect choice for an ecology-oriented tour or even people seeking a few days of sanctuary during their holidays. In the Five-connected Lakes Geology Park, the old and young volcanoes history stretches back over two million years. Known as one of the famous circum-Pacific volcano group, the area boasts as a ‘Natural Volcanic Museum’ and an ‘Open Textbook on Volcanoes’ because its typical volcanic landforms are the best preserved in the world, due to the their dense location, and diversified patterns. The area also boasts the presence of some natural cold mineral springs, enjoying another fame as having the third coldest springs in the world, abreast with Vichy mineral water from France and Caucasus mineral water from Russia.

Heilongjiang is the third longest river after Changjiang, and Huanghe, ranking the 8th largest in the world, Heilongjiang has a total of 951 and more tributaries, and is one of the few rivers without human contamination in the world. The middle section of the river, which is 1890 km long, marks the boundary between China and Russia. The river sustains and benefits a variety of ethnic groups, which also helps preserve their diversity of cultures. The grand boundary river, Heilongjiang, is unique natural interest that due to it’s size and width demonstrates its unique glamour to the world.

Xingkai Lake, a boundary lake between China and Russia, with the northern 1/3 part belonging to China, and the remaining southern part belongs to Russia. XingkaiLake came into existence when the ground opened, caused by violent volcanic eruptions in the Tertiary Period. It has an area of 4,380 k. The mesmerizing waves stretching off into the horizon on this borderless lake are responsible for creating stunning views with a primitive natural charm. All the visitors who come to this lake are left with a sense of wonderment and awe at such natural beauty. The broad water area, and lush grass surrounding the lake offer an ideal habitat for important animal and plant species. Including some of Chinas and Russia’s rare and precious bird species, such as the swan, red-crowned crane, and mandarin duck. Besides, The Dabai Fish, particular to XingkaiLake, is one of four famous fishes found in fresh water.

The Jingpo Lake (also known as the mirror lake), is the largest lava barrier lake of China, it came into being around 10,000 years ago when the waterway connected to a river was blocked by a major volcanic eruption. The lake now contains many coves, and a collection of large and small islands spotting the huge 90.3-klake.

Zhalong Nature Reserve, with an area of 420 kis the largest comprehensive nature reserve for aquatic birds in China. The tributaries, that rise from the lower reaches of the WuyuerRiver, have been responsible for creating this magnificent wetland. The extensive reed marshes, abundant fish and shrimp resources provide a paradise for aquatic birds. The Reserve houses over 230 species of birds, including many of the world’s precious cranes, with 6 of the world’s 15 species of cranes. In the recent decade, the Reserve has introduced another 7 breeds of cranes from abroad, where all are found to be breeding successfully.

Much closer to Harbin in fact located on the north bank of SonghuaRiver in Harbin, lays ‘Taiyangdao’ SunIsland. This island is 10 km long, and 4 km’s wide, covering a total area of 38 k. The island has become well known nationally with the help of the famous Chinese song ‘On the Sun Island’. SunIsland is a beautiful scenic spot and offers a good place for rest and recuperation, especially during the hot summer months. The name of the island originated from a fisherman who belonged to the ‘Man’ ethnic group who named a species of fish Taiyi'an, and this became the name for the SunIsland because of the homophony of Sun and Taiyi in Mandarin. The SunIsland is characterized as a river tidal flat wet prairie with affluent water resources, characterized by shrub woods and crisscrossing rivers on the broad prairie and has but gentle slopes. The Island look changes dramatically with each season: in spring the flowers come into blossom and covering both the hills, and jade-like trees which come winter are all covered by thick white snow. Taking of snow… SunIsland is also known for hosting the International Snow Sculpture show in Harbin for the past several years. Also to the northeast of the Island lies the famous ‘SiberianTigerPark’, which holds hundreds of rare Siberian tigers, and is known as the largest breeding ground for this species of tiger in the world.The lake zigzags down from south to north east in a shape of the letter ‘S’, like a silver band with eight glittering pearls under a green background. Situated at the outlet to the north of the lake basin lies the beautiful waterfall known as the ‘WaterDroppingTower’, which comes into life when the lake water overflows beyond the basalt barrier. During the overflow period, the fall is over 100 meters in width, flying down from the precipice in two or more strands. Below the basalt precipice with vertical joints, the water has scoured a deep oval pool. The scenery is simply magnificent. On the western bank of the lake you can see the outstanding Mt. Laohei at a height of 10,000 meters, and on the northwest side there is another famous wonder known as ‘Dixia Senlin’ the ‘Underground Forest’. Additionally many romantic and touching folklores from the area add to the mysticism and romance of this famous lake in the northland.

The ‘longta’ translated as the ‘DragonTower’ – is located in the New Economy and Technology Development Zone of Harbin and is the broadcasting television tower of Heilongjiang Province. It is the tallest steel tower of Asia, and is the second in the world, at 336 meters high, with a floor area of 16,600 k. The tower is organized into four parts: base, body, turret and antenna. The tower base, including the basement and the four floors above the ground, take the shape of a ball. The tower body is of a regular octahedron, and the vertical section is of a parabolic cylinder. The turret is located between 181m and 216m, structured by the lower part and shaped as a flying saucer whilst the upper part is shaped as a ball. The Antenna reaches between 220.5m to the very top at 336m. With its unique architecture and brand image, the tower is continually attracting more attention and has become a landmark spot in Heilongjiang.

Harbin, a dynamic and open city, without walls, is a fascinating expression of diversified cultures and architectural styles influenced by both old and modern. It is also acts as an oasis during Chinas hot summer months and popular with both tourists from home and abroad, due to its cooler more bearable summer climate. In winter Harbin changes into a winter wonderland and is host to some of the most exiting winter cultural activities in the world, such as the ice & snow sculpture exhibitions, the Harbin International Winter Festival, which includes winter swimming and skiing matches.
 
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